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TV time !

There is no doubt that watching TV if a pastime favourite, with adults spending an average of 3.5 hours per day in front of it. It is the most common leisure activity for over eight out of ten adults in England.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/kevinmccarthy/2179753892/The United Kingdom has a strong tradition of public service broadcasting, and the BBC, established in 1922, is the world’s first national broadcasting organization. With it’s mission to "inform, educate and entertain", it has a worldwide reputation for quality, and no advertising.

But there is also Channel 4, a state-owned commercial public service broadcaster, which is known for its innovation, experiment and creativity in the form and content of programmes, and its appeal to the tastes and interests of a culturally diverse society. The two commercial analogue broadcasters are ITV and Five.

Television is funded via a television licence, which is compulsory in order to receive any publicly broadcast television service, from any source, including the commercial channels, cable and satellite transmissions. The money from the licence fee is used to provide radio, television and Internet content for the BBC, and Welsh-language television programmes for Welsh channel S4C.

Daytime television is mostly made up of children’s programmes, chat shows, and home decoration and gardening programmes. Evening TV offers a selection of documentaries, current affairs, films and, of course news programmes, such as the BBC’s News at 10.

Record viewing figures

Four television broadcasts have achieved viewing figures of more than 30 million, and constitute true shared cultural moments in the nation’s imagination. They are the 1966 World Cup Final (with 32.30 million viewers), the funeral of Princess Diana (1997), the Royal Family documentary of 1969, and the Christmas 1986 episode of the soap opera EastEnders, in which Den divorced Angie under the watchful eye of 30.15 million viewers.

Top TV programmes

A poll of the 100 Greatest British Television Programmes, compiled by the British Film Institute in 2000, is useful as an indication of what were generally regarded as the most successful British programmes of the 20th century. The top 10 programmes are :

1. Fawlty Towers BBC2 1975-1979

2. Cathy Come Home (The Wednesday Play) BBC1 1966

3. Doctor Who BBC1 1963-1989, 1996, 2005-

4. The Naked Civil Servant ITV 1975

5. Monty Python’s Flying Circus BBC2 1969-1974

6. Blue Peter BBC1 1958-

7. Boys from the Blackstuff BBC2 1982

8. Parkinson BBC1/ITV 1971-1982, 1998–2007

9. Yes Minister / Yes, Prime Minister BBC2 1980-1988

10. Brideshead Revisited ITV 1981

Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TV_in_the_UK

Das Fernsehen in Deutschland

Das Fernsehen in der Bundesrepublik ist vielfältig und stellt einen wichtigen kulturellen, sozialen, politischen und wirtschaftlichen Teil der deutschen Medienlandschaft dar. Als meinungsbildendes Medium fällt es in die Kulturhoheit der Bundesländer und wird daher in erster Linie von ihnen geregelt und verwaltet.

Die meisten deutschen Haushalte verfügen mittlerweile über mindestens einen Fernsehanschluss. Das Fernsehen zählt in Deutschland heute zu den Leitmedien. Die Hauptsendezeit liegt zwischen 20 Uhr und 22:30 Uhr. Da die Hauptausgabe der Tagesschau, die meistgesehene Nachrichtensendung im deutschen Fernsehen, seit Jahrzehnten von 20 Uhr bis 20:15 Uhr läuft, beginnt das Abendprogramm nahezu aller Sender um 20:15 Uhr. Der private Sender RTL ist in Deutschland der beliebteste TV-Sender, danach folgen die öffentlich-rechtlichen Sender ARD und ZDF.

Welche Rolle spielt das kleinste Bundesland in der Fernsehlandschaft ? Radio Bremen wird auch über die Grenzen des Sendegebiets hinweg gesendet : Seine Reportagen und Dokumentationen greifen Themen aus Bremen und Bremerhaven auf, die aber auch für die ganze Republik spannend sind !

La televisión en España

La variedad es la característica que más valora la audiencia de televisión que se emite en España, seguida de sus contenidos de entretenimiento, según datos del CIS recogidos en el informe trimestral de la Defensora del Espectador, Oyente e Internauta de RTVE (2011).

El 43,6% dice que la televisión "es variada y se puede elegir" ; el 17,2% destaca que "proporciona entretenimiento" y el 9,1 que "proporciona información". Lo menos valorado es su papel formativo (1,1%) y la ausencia de publicidad (0,6%). Un 44,6% opina que hay "mucha" o "bastante" calidad en las parrillas.

Como tónica habitual en este tipo de sondeos, los españoles dicen que los programas que más les gustan de la pequeña pantalla son los telediarios e informativos (38,5%), por delante de las películas (14,2%), los culturales y documentales (9,5%) y las series y comedias (8,3%). Los programas y retransmisiones de fútbol (6,1%) y las tertulias (5,6%) aparecen a continuación.

Respecto al papel que deben jugar las televisiones públicas, los telespectadores mencionan en primer lugar el de garantizar contenidos de calidad (29,3%), seguido de los de garantizar información política e imparcial (23,9%) y difundir la cultura (21,1%).

Según otra encuesta (2010 - Barómetro del CIS), el 68% de los Españoles cree que la calidad de la televisión es baja.
El principal mal que destaca la mayoría es la "telebasura". Más de la mitad de los entrevistados (51,4%) que suspenden a la "tele" lo hacen porque ofrece "mucha telebasura", seguidos de los que se quejan de "malos contenidos en general" y de que es "repetitiva y poco variada".

La 1 de TVE es la cadena preferida por una mayoría (23,7%), seguida de Antena 3 (14,9%), Telecinco (12,7%), Cuatro (8,3%), laSexta (8,1%) y La 2 (6,5%). De los canales autonómicos, los que reciben mejor nota son, por este orden, Canal Sur, TV3 y Canal 9.

El barómetro del CIS también se ha detenido en conocer la opinión de los españoles sobre la TDT (Televisión Digital Terrestre). Lo más valorado por la ciudadanía es que tras el "apagón analógico", hay más canales especializados, se pueden ver los programas en versión original y se puede escuchar la radio por el televisor.

Pero los Españoles siguen pasando una media de tres horas diarias mirando la televisón aunque cada vez más usuarios acceden a contenidos de TV a través de la Red.

Saber más : J. Bermejo Berros, especialista de la televisión, autor de "Génération Télévision", nos da su punto de vista sobre la televisón. Según el, hay elementos que tenemos que tomar en cuenta cuando se habla de este tema :
La televisión no es mala ni buena.
La televisión no es neutra.
La televisión forma parte de un sistema empresarial.
La televisión no está sola, convive con otras pantallas.
La televisión está evolucionando.

Se puede leer su artículo completo, bajando el fichero siguiente.

Fuentes :
Periodista digital
Economista.es
Wikipedia

Dénos su opinión sobre el tema, en su idioma o en francés, en la sección "comentarios".

Hacer clic en "Commenter cet article".

TV time !

http://www.flickr.com/photos/kevinmccarthy/2179753892/The United Kingdom has a strong tradition of public service broadcasting, and the BBC, established in 1922, is the world’s first national broadcasting organization. With it’s mission to "inform, educate and entertain", it has a worldwide reputation for quality, and no advertising.

But there is also Channel 4, a state-owned commercial public service broadcaster, which is known for its innovation, experiment and creativity in the form and content of programmes, and its appeal to the tastes and interests of a culturally diverse society. The two commercial analogue broadcasters are ITV and Five.

Television is funded via a television licence, which is compulsory in order to receive any publicly broadcast television service, from any source, including the commercial channels, cable and satellite transmissions. The money from the licence fee is used to provide radio, television and Internet content for the BBC, and Welsh-language television programmes for Welsh channel S4C.

Daytime television is mostly made up of children’s programmes, chat shows, and home decoration and gardening programmes. Evening TV offers a selection of documentaries, current affairs, films and, of course news programmes, such as the BBC’s News at 10.

Record viewing figures

Four television broadcasts have achieved viewing figures of more than 30 million, and constitute true shared cultural moments in the nation’s imagination. They are the 1966 World Cup Final (with 32.30 million viewers), the funeral of Princess Diana (1997), the Royal Family documentary of 1969, and the Christmas 1986 episode of the soap opera EastEnders, in which Den divorced Angie under the watchful eye of 30.15 million viewers.

Top TV programmes

A poll of the 100 Greatest British Television Programmes, compiled by the British Film Institute in 2000, is useful as an indication of what were generally regarded as the most successful British programmes of the 20th century. The top 10 programmes are :

1. Fawlty Towers BBC2 1975-1979

2. Cathy Come Home (The Wednesday Play) BBC1 1966

3. Doctor Who BBC1 1963-1989, 1996, 2005-

4. The Naked Civil Servant ITV 1975

5. Monty Python’s Flying Circus BBC2 1969-1974

6. Blue Peter BBC1 1958-

7. Boys from the Blackstuff BBC2 1982

8. Parkinson BBC1/ITV 1971-1982, 1998–2007

9. Yes Minister / Yes, Prime Minister BBC2 1980-1988

10. Brideshead Revisited ITV 1981

Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TV_in_the_UK

Tv Reality

La reality TV, importata in Europa dalle televisioni d’oltreoceano, costituisce ormai il format più diffuso di produzione televisiva degli ultimi anni, sebbene in Italia essa sia già conosciuta dagli anni Ottanta. In questa categoria si inscrivono tutti i programmi che mostrano (o almeno, dovrebbero mostrare) la realtà in modo oggettivo e neutrale. Con il passare degli anni, a questo copione narrativo dello “spettacolo del reale” si sono aggiunti anche sistemi di televoto e di partecipazione più o meno interattiva del pubblico a casa, che può così esprimere pubblicamente le proprie preferenze e apportare significative modifiche all’andamento del programma.

Il Reality Show in Italia è totalmente inflazionato : i programmi reality sono moltissimi e sono rivolti a qualsiasi fascia d’età. In questo modo, tutto viene trasformato in reality, ogni aspetto, anche intimo, della vita di tutti i giorni viene spettacolarizzato e strumentalizzato per “fare audience”, ovvero per raccogliere consenso tra il pubblico.

Ma il reality, sebbene sia massicciamente presente nelle programmazioni delle TV italiane, è davvero così amato dagli italiani ? Secondo un recente sondaggio, l’opinione pubblica sembra schierarsi contro il reality show, spesso volgare ed eccessivo, privo di morale e diseducativo per il pubblico di giovane età.
È anche vero, però, che nonostante le costanti lamentele del pubblico, l’audience non cala mai : insomma, tutti criticano il reality, ma molti continuano a guardalo.

Ad ogni modo, da una ricerca condotta da Comunicazione Perbene, gli italiani vorrebbero meno reality nei palinsesti della televisione italiana, mentre vorrebbero veder aumentare la quantità di programmi di varietà (78%), i documentari (68%), i quiz (49%) : queste cifre sembrano dimostrare che gli italiani, allora, forse preferiscono vedere la televisione come un mezzo di divulgazione della cultura, più che uno strumento per assistere a litigi in diretta e “tele-risse”.

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